ADWAR Association is working through the economic program based on its experience in the field. Which proved that it is not possible to work with women and girls only to improve the social situation in isolation from the development of their economic situation, that is if we want to change the reality of women and girls for better and change the power relations within the family and society.
Thus, ADWAR considered working in this area through partnership with institutions of education and vocational training, as its license by the Ministry of Labor. This program focuses on the economic issues and problems facing women and girls in the private and public spheres.
Problems are illustrated as follow:
- Limited experience and skills: Women and girls suffer from the lack of expertise and skills that qualify them to participate in non-traditional technical and vocational education, which will develop mechanisms of access to the labor market in both the public and private sectors. Women and girls also suffer from the traditional negative stereotyped image of the society against women and girls, which limit their existence to the traditional, educational and service aspects that society sees fit with female nature. This is demonstrated within the economic fields where women constitute the lowest ranks, but men and young boys occupy the highest.
- Unemployment and rising poverty: Palestinian and young women suffer from difficult economic conditions, which deprive them of the opportunity to work, where the percentages are not equal to the total labor force and has a very slow development. Which negatively affected the high rates of poverty and unemployment among women, especially young graduate women, as well as marginalized and disadvantaged women and girls in Bedouin and rural communities whose population depends on agriculture and livestock care.
- Discrimination in economic policies and procedures: The continuous discrimination and inequality based on gender in the policies and procedures of Palestinian state institutions, the private sector and cooperatives, has a negative impact on the participation rate of women and young women in the formal sector. Also embodies a clear and explicit exclusion from economic life and contribution to the gross national product and economic development under occupation.
Model strategies and practical measures proposed to deal with the economic issues raised in the economic program:
- First Strategy: Building technical and professional capacities :
ADWAR Association takes many procedural measures to raise the capacities of Palestinian women and girls in the economic fields, especially non-traditional ones, both in the field of knowledge and skills, in addition to professional development in crafts and non-traditional projects, in order to qualify them for the labor market in the private and public sectors.
We also look forward to develop the capabilities of the vocational training centers and cooperatives on the importance of effective gender policies and procedures in order to provide a safe environment for women and girls that protect their rights and enhance their economic participation. In addition, raise awareness among the Palestinian community especially marginalized communities’ on the importance of women’s full participation in all activities of economic development and accelerate the participation among both women and men by emphasizing the change in the perspective of society and culture, especially men and boys. In which will lead to the advancement of women and families’ economic situation and the establishment of the principle of economic justice in the distribution of basic resources within and outside the family, through the distribution of increased income and employment resources and lead women to decision-making positions. This strategy will achieve its objectives through the provision of training programs and professional technical workshops and media outreach, conferences, campaigns, etc.
- Second Strategy: creating job opportunities:
ADWAR Association takes many procedural measures, which contribute to empowering women and girls to benefit from available resources as well as men’s participation in decision-making and to increase income by providing them with many productive income-generating projects and supporting them with the necessary programs and equipment for its’ establishment. This aim to enhance their role in the process of production, make a positive change in the lifestyle and interests of women and girls, and strengthen their role in the cycle of home economics and encourage them to participate in the production process. Where the strategy achieves its objectives by contributing to grant women with income-generating productive projects in addition to employment in the private and civil sectors.
- Third Strategy : Accountability of decision makers:
ADWAR takes many procedural measures to improve the economic situation of women and girls by protecting their economic rights and emphasizing the principle of gender equality in access to opportunities in economic policies and procedures practiced by Palestinian state institutions, the private sector and cooperatives. In order to provide women and girls with opportunities to express and fulfil their economic needs, such as providing a safe working environment for women and providing minimum wages, social security and other laws and policies that protect the rights of Palestinian women and girls. This strategy achieves its objectives using various media and participatory dialogues with decision makers.